Friday, May 24, 2019

The history of graduation ceremonies

Ceremonies for graduating students date from the first universities in Europe in the twelfth century. At that time Latin was the language of scholarship. A "universitas" was a guild of masters (MAs) with licence to teach. "Degree" and "graduate" come from gradus, meaning "step". The first step was admission to a bachelor's degree. The second step was the masters step, giving the graduate admission to the universitas and license to teach. Typical dress for graduation is gown and hood, or hats adapted from the daily dress of university staff in the Middle Ages, which was in turn based on the attire worn by medieval clergy.Normally, the ceremony and name apply to university level and above (Associate's, Bachelor's, Master's, and Doctoral degrees), however, in the USA, completing mandatory schooling is also referred to as 'graduating', even though it is substantially below degree level. Graduations for elementary school and Kindergarten, and even for passing from one school year to the next, have been a development of recent years. This has received criticism, described as "It's just a way of celebrating mediocrity".
Graduation at the college and university level occurs when the presiding officer confers degrees upon candidates, either individually or en masse, even if graduates physically receive their diploma later at a smaller college or departmental ceremony. When ceremonies are associated, they usually include a procession of the academic staff and candidates and a valedictation . The faculty will usually wear academic dress at the formal ceremonies, as will the trustees  and degree candidates. After degree completion, graduates can be referred to by their graduating year.

Friday, May 3, 2019

Piero Fruosino di Antonio da Vinci

Piero Fruosino di Antonio da Vinci
Born: 1427
Died: July 9, 1504
Parents: Antonio da Vinci
Spouse: Margherita di Francesco di Jacopo di Guglielmo (m. 1475), Francesca di ser Giuliano Manfredini (m. 1464), Albiera di Giovanni Amadori (m. 1452–1464)
Siblings: Francesco da Vinci

He had out-of-wedlock son named Lionardo di ser Piero da Vinci, with an Italian peasant girl named Caterina. He was a wealthy Florentine legal notary. 16-year-old girl named Albiera Amadori, who loved Leonardo but died young in 1465 without children. When Leonardo was 16 (1468), his father married again to 20-year-old Francesca Lanfredini, who also died without children. Piero's legitimate heirs were born from his third wife Margherita di Guglielmo (who gave birth to six children: Antonio, Giulian, Maddalena, Lorenzo, Violante and Domenico) and his fourth and final wife, Lucrezia Cortigiani (who bore him another six children: Margherita, Benedetto, Pandolfo, Guglielmo, Bartolomeo and Giovanni). When Piero died, his descendants disputed about where the inheritance should go.

   

               

                   Leonardo Da vinchi started getting famous in 1476, He started traveling around the early world and painted and painted nonstop, due to this, He was not married. So he didnt have any kids of himself. But he painted the world's best painting known to this world, the Mona Lisa. During this time, he was one of the best painters in the world.

         This man was one of the greatest man in Europe, he made a lot of famous paintings that are copied, transported, and stolen. Leonardo Da vinchi was a famous painter and inspires a lot of people even today to get into art.

     


Leonardo da Vinci's Obsession with Flight

     Leonardo da Vinci was a very famous artist for he created the Mona Lisa. However da Vinci had an obsession: Flight.
     As well as an artist da Vinci loved to invent. To him, the idea of flying was amazing and his intention was to create a flying machine.
     For years Leonardo da Vinci studied birds. How they fly, their wingspan, how they stay in the air. He saw many things about the birds' wingspan and how they stay in the air, but the one thing he didn't see was that the birds stay in the air because their bones are light weight.
     There were three inventions that are very famous to this day the da Vinci created. One is a machine that four men have to turn for it to be able to fly called an aerial screw. Obviously that did not work.
     Another one was a machine that only needed one man to fly. It was typically a human-sized invention designed to look and fly like a bird called an ornithopter.
     A third that actually worked and is used today is the parachute. there is actually not much to say about the parachute because people typically know how it works but it is made so somebody jumps, inflates the parachute, and safely makes it to the ground.
 

Leonardo da Vinci


Leonardo Da Vinci  
Leonardo was born on 15 April 1452 in Vinci. His father was Messer Piero Fruosino di Antonio da Vinci. His last name just means, “of Vinci.” His full birth name was "Lionardo di ser Piero da Vinci.” This means Leonardo, (son) of (Mes)ser Piero from Vinci. The “ser” refers to his father as a gentleman. Little is known about his mother but they do know that  Fruosino di Antonio da Vinci remarried multiple times.

He was born the youngest sibling of 12 half-sibling the oldest 40 years old. While Leonardo was in the house his father went through three different wives. Overall Leonardo had a good child receiving good education but had household problems with multiple mothers passing away.



Leonardo da Vinci’s mother

Ok so basically what I have read was that she was a poor peasant girl named Caterina di Meo Lippi. She was an orphan living with her grandmother in a small house.  She gave birth to him at age 15 near the village of Vinci about 25 miles west of Florence. When Leo was born he was an illegitimate son because his parents were actually never married.

Leo’s father was Ser Piero da Vinci and got her pregnant at age 25. It is said that he was a lawyer working in Florence. When he was born his father took Leo and brought him up in the house of his his grandfather. And by my art teacher I am told she was given a certain amount of money to go away or something. It says on this article that Leo’s father was due to get married to someone else and Caterina was due to get married to a farmer.

Da Vincis death

We all know the famous Leonardo Da Vinci , but one question comes to mind how did he die? What happened ? During the last months of his life he lived in France . Its rumored that he died at age 67 of a stroke . And during his last months he never sold Mona Lisa and carried the painting with him until death . In all he lived about 67 seven years (April 1452 to May 1519) his remains were buried in France at a church cemetary . The church was later on destroyed in the French revolution but some tombstones remained including Da Vinci's . the reason he was buried in France is because he got along with the king. He lived with his student in france and the king let him move into the castle overall he was a cool dude . he also called one of his students  a theif becuase he didint sell his works but instead spent money on clothes . There was also a painting of his death made by some french artist


some of his famous artworks
.Mona Lisa
.Last Supper
.Vitruvian Man
.Self portrait
.The Virgin of the Rocks
.Head Of a Woman
.Lady with An Ermine

Leonardo Da Vinci and Secret Societys

      Da Vinci is a very well known historical artist. He had numerous famous paintings from around 600 years ago. Thus his life being somewhat mysterious because he lived so long ago. There has been a few conspiracy theories of him taking part in secret societys.

       One of the main conspiracies, was that he took part in a secret society named Priority of Sion. The society was founded in 1099, allegedly the Priory was devoted to installing a secret bloodline of the Merovingian dynasty on the thrones of France and the rest of Europe.


         Numerous books, and shows have been made about Da Vinci taking part in the societies. There is a couple different reasons for why he joined, and what his purpose was in the society but all of the reasons have beeen recently deminished after they discovered the evidence supporting him taking part in the society was a hoax.


Friday, April 5, 2019

San Fransico Giants News

                 The San Fransico Giants home opening day is being played today at Oracle Park. Unfortunately, there is a possibility of the game being rained out. With the temperature at 50 degrees and the weather overcast and raining. The game is scheduled to start at 1:35pm and gates will open at 11:05 regardless of the weather.
    
                 Yesterday the Giants played the Los Angeles Dodgers. Unfortunately, they lost 5-3 despite Brandon Belt's 2 run home run. On top of this loss, the Giants lost 2-3 games in the series. This topped off their road trip with a 2-5 losing record. The starting pitcher, Holland, left the game, with the lead, after only giving up one run. After he left the only offense they generated was Brandon Belt's 2 run home run. Sadly the Giant's bullpen couldn't hold the lead and lost it in the eighth inning. This was due to the Dodger's Chris Taylor's RBI double. To close out the series the Dodger's pitchers retired the Giants final 14 batters.

                 In other news, the Giants top prospect, Joey Bart, recorded two RBI singles that led to the Triple-A team to the win. In the catcher's performance, he went 2-4 in the game scoring a run in the process. Defensively he played well not recording an error.

                The last piece of news is that the Giants traded Kevin Pillar so they could keep Steven Duggar in center field. While Steven Duggar was injured he dove without an issue. This happened after the 25-year-olds surgery for his torn labrum in his left shoulder. After diving, he said he felt good and was relieved to get his first dive out of the way. 


Friday, March 29, 2019

     Primarily associated with the steady gaze of Leonardo Da Vinci's famous Mona Lisa, Paris' Louvre museum is home to a 35,000-strong collection of paintings and sculptures considered one of the greatest in the world. The contemporary glass Louvre Pyramid heralds the museum's entrance, which millions of tourists flock to every year to feast their eyes on masterpieces that span from antiquity to the 20th century.
     If purchased online, the entry fee to the worls's largest art museum is only 17 Euros. Guaranteed entry within 30 minutes. The magnificent, baroque-style palace sitsalong the banks of the Seine River in Paris, and as one of the city's biggest tourist attractions, it is definitly worth a visit.

This is Reina Mei logging out, watch me procrastinate.


                                                        National African Art Museum


           The National African Art Museum is located in Washington D.C. on 950 Independence Ave. which displays old and new African Art Museum. 

        For example, this art below is from South Africa, Zambia which seems like to be made from dead animals using their fossil to make a circle of vertebrate back bones which represents a snake. And also uses metal to reinforce the sculpture. 
 
           The National African Art Museum in D.C. seems like a extravagant place to go and explore all kinds of African art. Like this one above and so much more from each country around Africa.  

Art From Madrid

     In Madrid the museum Museo Nacional del Prado holds paintings and sculptures. Built in 1785 it was ordered by King Charles III to be the Natural History Cabinet, but later it was changed into the Royal Museum of Paintings and Sculptures - choice of King Ferdinand VII.
     Today, at del Prado, there are 7,600 paintings, 4,800 prints, and 1,000 sculptures. In 2.8 million visitors came to look in 2012.

The German History museums forbidden exhibit

Ever since Germany lost WW2 they tried to hide all relations with Nazis . Now in Germany you can get a penalty for impersonating Nazis wearing uniforms or mentioning Nazi slogans in public you can be charged and sent to prison . However Germany struggles to get rid of some Nazi elements . The forbidden exhibit comsists of everything from high ranking SS uniforms  propoganda posters a flak cannon even a signed compy of Mein Kampf (Hitlers book ) .
 Some officals said the exhibit was offensive , and a part of history that should be forgotten. However  history can not be erased and forgotten. This exhibit shows us how history can repeat itself and why its shouldnt . I think that it is a mistake that officials are trying to erase history , we learn from history so we dont repeat the previous generations mistakes . It may be shamefull that a country lost two world wars and destroyed Europes population but if we forget about history it can very easily be repeated .

Art Institute of Chicago

                  Art Institute of Chicago
           In Chicago, the biggest Art museum is the Art Institute of Chicago. It features Old Man With A Gold Chain made by Rembrandt. This piece features an elderly man dressed in velvet. Under his graying beard, he wears an iron plate covering his neck. Below that he has a heavy gold chain. This is called a tronie and is considered one of his best pieces. Here his art is remembered and cherished. It gives people a look into the past and so they can see the great art that others brought to us. 

Friday, March 8, 2019

Harriet Tubman

          Harriet Tubman was born around January 29, 1882. She was born into slavery.
          She grew up with the name of Araminta Ross with 8 siblings by the names of Linah, Mariah Ritty, Soph, Robert, Ben, Rachel, Henry, and Moses.
          When Harriet was young, a slave owner threw a fairly large weight at a slave that was trying to run away. The weight missed and hit Harriet in the head. She could not do work for weeks and took a while to heal.
          Around 1844 Araminta married a free black man named John Tubman and later changed her name from Araminta to Harriet. Though little is known about their time together, historians know that they had no children together.
          Later on, Tubman and her two brothers, Henry and Ben, tried to escape. They made it to Carolina County where they labored for a little while. Harriet's brothers began to have second thoughts and went back dragging Harriet with them.
          However, Harriet made a second attempt to escape, this time without her brothers. Her route is quite unclear, but what is known is she used the Underground Railroad to go to the "Promised Land".
          Harriet reached Philadelphia and worked odd jobs and earned little money. She later helped many families- including her own- cross through the Underground Railroad.
          After helping many, the Civil War began and Harriet worked as a cook, a nurse, spy, and an armed scout.
          In 1911, Harriet Tubman died of pneumonia.
     Born on July 12, 1997, Malala Yousafzai became an advocate for girls' education when she herself was still a child, which resulted in the Taliban issuing a death threat against her. On October 9, 2012, a gunman shot Malala when she was traveling home from school. She survived, and continues speaking out about female eduation today. Currently 21, she was the youngest winner of the Nobel prize, at 17 in 2014. The year before, after surviving assassination attempt in 2013, she gave a speech to the United Nations and published her first book, I Am Malala.
     Here is the briefest possible explanation ever. You're welcome.

                               Amelia Earhart










      Amelia Earhart was born July 24 1897.She became the first person to fly half way around the world, not only that but she was a woman.
       When Amelia set out on her amazing journey she received 
 hate mail telling her to let a man to do the flying but that did not
 stop her she set of to fly around the world.Yes she only flew half way around the world but she still did it.
          She was very close to completing her journey where she disappeared somewhere over the South Pacific.There are many many many many many many many many MANY legends about wat happened to her. But archaeologists have found documents that she was CAPTURED. 
         Documents showing that she was captured by the Japanese and sent to a work camp there she died these documents have not yet been proven wrong. Another fiction is that she ran out of gas.  Or they say that she did make it to the states and live out the rest of her life in secret,  but that's most unlikely.
    people are still looking and this shall forever be a mystery.  

Madame Mao



   Jiang Qing married the famous Mao Zedong in 1938. She was the fourth wife of Mao and the Paramount leader of China.  She was a Communist✊🏿 Revolutionary, actress, and major political figure during the Cultural Revolution. 

   She served as Mao’s personals secretary in the 1940’s and was head of the Film Section of the Communist Part’s Propaganda Department in the 1950’s. In 1966 she was given deputy director of the Central Cultural Revolution Group. In 1969, Jain gained a seat on the Politburo. It is reported that her life ended by committing suicide.

    I think Jain Qing is so beautiful and intelligent. She did so much good for the Chinese people. Mao was extremely luck to have her as a wife. Her death is very unfortunate. I would have liked to her to pass away for old age.  ✊🏿✊🏿


   
     
        International Women's Day

     International Women's Day is a day on March 8th that is supposed to recognize women and their achievments. My Great Aunt, was the first cop in San Francisco, during segregation. Even though she wasnt as popular as the other women. She made a big effect on the world that a black woman can be a police cop. She broke a lot of stereotypes. And i loved her            


Amelia Earhart


  1. Amelia Earhart is a famous woman most commonly known because she was the first female aviator to fly solo across the Atlantic Ocean. She receive numerous awards, wrote many best-selling books, and accomplished many things. 
 
       Amelia was born in 1897 and disappeared on July 2nd 1937 while attempting to fly across the globe alone with her navigator Fred Noonan. Amelia was born in her maternal grandfathers home and was named after her 2 grandmothers. Many biographers describe Amelia as a free spirited tomboy during her childhood, much if which she spent outside climbing trees and playing with her sister.

    In 1920 Amelia rode a plane with a famous air racer which would forever change her life. After the 10 minute flight Amelia was determined to become a pilot. Her first lesson was January 3rd 1921 which would be the beginning of her fame.

    Unfortunately Amelia disappeared on July 2nd 1937 on her journey to fly around the globe but disappeared between Howland Island and Papua New Guinea. She was later declared dead along with her navigator after no sign of their survival exists.

   Recently there has been a few found wreck that are thought to be her plane but no one knows for sure. Overall Amelia was an inspiring woman who set great examples, and will forever be a rolemodel.