The Terracotta army are guardians to Shi Huangdi. Terracotta means clay soldiers, and Shi Huangdi means first emperor. Local farmers from Xi'an ,Shaanxi were drilling a water well 1.5 miles east of Lishan or mountains. The archeologists found warriors, chariots , officials , acrobats , strongmen , and musicians.
The Terracotta army is a form of funeral art with the first Qin emperor Shi Hungdi in 210-209 BC. The purpose was guard Shi Huangdi in the afterlife. The Terracotta army was moved to a British museum in London. They display the Terracotta army as "The First Emperor: China's Terracotta Army." It was display September 13,2007 to April 2008.
I find this interesting because I am Chinese and I like history. You can watch a video with the photographer who took the first pictures of the army on Kids National Geographics.